Since section 6 of the Justice and Security Act 2013 came into force, the application of closed material procedures in otherwise routine civil cases is becoming steadily institutionalized (see within the last few months McGartland v Secretary of State for the Home Department  EWCA Civ 686 (personal injury claim), R(Sarkandi & ors) v Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs  EWCA Civ 687 (sanctions against Iranian shipping); Kiani v Secretary of Stat
Legacies to merged or defunct charities ** The author considers section 311 of the Charities Act 2011 (formerly s. 75F of the Charities Act 1993) and two standard will precedents in the light of the recent cases: Re Longman (deceased); Berry & Archer v IBS-STL (UK) et al  EWHC 666 (Ch); and Phillips v RSPB et al  EWHC 618 (Ch) The merger of charities is currently the subject of some interest. The public apparently consider that there are too many charities.
Corporate sentencing for environmental offences, following the implementation of the Sentencing Council’s new Guidelines, is no longer a predictable expense to be routinely included in the annual budget. The Guidelines, implemented recently in the Court of Appeal, contemplate a calculation of a fine which is designed to ‘bring home the appropriate message to the directors and shareholders’. ‘Gardez L’eau!’ was a familiar cry in the back streets of Edinburgh, back in the 17th